In this study palmitoyl piperidinium chloride and stearoyl piperidinium chloride surfactants were synthesized by two steps. The synthesized products in each step were analyzed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR), and elemental analysis. The properties of two surfactants were investigated, including surface tension (γ), critical micelle concentration (CMC), effectiveness (πcmc), efficiency (pC20), and anti-static properties. It was found that the number of methylene groups (-CH2-) in the hydrophobic chain has important effect on the properties of surfactants. Increasing the methylene groups enhances the ability of surfactant to act as effective surface tension agents in many applications. Furthermore, stearoyl piperidinium chloride showed that it can be used as a good capping agent in the microemulsion synthesis of MnS nanoparticles.
From Mohammad Edrissi | Meysam Soleymani
(Received 31.08.2011; revised 25.01.2012)
Appeared in Tenside Surfactants Detergents 2012/04, Page 335-339
Direct link: http://www.tsd-journal.com/TS110200
1 Rosen, M. J.: Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena, 3rd ed., John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey (2004).
2 Al-Rawashdeh, N. A. F. and Maayta, A. K.: Anti-Corros. Methods Mater. 52 (2005) 160.
3 Davis, B. and Jordan, P.: Industrial Applications of Surfactants II, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge (1990).
4 Esumi, K., Taguma, K. and Koide, Y.: Langmuir 12 (1996) 4039.
5 Saleh, M. M.: Mater. Chem. Phys. 98 (2006) 83.
6 Madaan, P. and Tyagi, V. K.: J. Oleo Sci. 57 (2008) 197.
7 Espinosa-Jimenez, M., Ontiveros-Ortega, A., Padilla-Weigand, R., Ramos-Tejada, M. M. and Perea-Carpio, R.: Macromol. Mater. Eng. 288 (2003) 945.
8 Viscardi, G., Quagliotto, P., Barolo, C., Savarino, P., Barni, E. and Fisicaro, E.: J. Org. Chem. 65 (2000) 8197.
9 Quagliotto, P., Barbero, N., Barolo, C., Artuso, E., Compari, C., Fisicaro, E. and Viscardi, G.: J. Colloid Interface Sci. 340 (2009) 269.
10 Rajendran, S. I., Apparao, B. V. and Palaniswamy, N.: Anti-Corros. Methods Mater. 47 (2000) 1.
11 Negm, N. A., Hafiz, A. A. and El-Awady, M. Y.: Egypt. J. Chem. 48 (2005) 201.
12 Porter, M. R.: Handbook of Surfactants, 2nd ed., Blackie Academic & Professional, London (1994).
13 Morelli, J. J. and Szajer, G.: J. Surfactants Deterg. 4 (2001) 75.
14 Edrissi, M., Soleymani, M. and Asadian, M.: Tenside Surf. Det. 48 (2011) 4.
15 Findlay’s, R.H.: Practical Physical Chemistry, 6th ed., Longman, London (1993).
16 Mohammad, A. S., Maghdi, M. H. and Awad, A. B.: Materials Sci. Res. India 1: 59 (2003).
17 Bhattacharya, D. N., Kelkar, R. Y., Almeida, M. R., Das, A. K. and Chikhale, S. V.: Tenside Surf. Det. 31(1994) 260.
18 Kelsall, R. W., Hamley, I. W. and Geoghegan, M.: Nano Scale Science and Technology, John Wiley & Sons (2005) p. 5.
|© 2013 by Carl Hanser Verlag|